1485 England: the Tudor dynasty begins.
1700 Carlos Sigüenza y Góngora, Jesuit, historian and researcher at the Royal and Pontifical University of Mexico, dies in Mexico.
1823 The General Archive of the Nation is constituted in Mexico.
In 1846 U.S. troops invade Mexico, and take New Mexico.
1864 The Treaty of the International Red Cross or Geneva Convention for the aid of wounded soldiers on the battlefield is signed.
1898 Alexander Calder is born, an American sculptor of great vitality and versatility, considered one of the most innovative and ingenious artists of the 20th century.
1904 Kate Chopin, American writer of short stories and novels, dies.
1913 Serapio Rendón, critic and opponent of the illegitimate government of General Victoriano Huerta, is assassinated.
1920 Ray Bradbury, an American science fiction writer, is born in Waukegan (USA). He will win prestigious awards and will be the author of “The Martian Chronicles” and “Fahrenheit 451”, among many other successful novels and short stories.
1978 Under the orders of Eden Pastora, known as “Comandante Cero”, Sandinista rebels occupy the National Palace in Managua, Nicaragua, to oppose the dictatorial Somoza government.
1998 Elena Garro, prominent Mexican writer and wife of Octavio Paz, dies.
2004 In the Munch Museum in Oslo, Norway, two paintings by the expressionist Edvard Munch, “The Scream” and “Madonna”, are stolen in broad daylight and at gunpoint.
2010 In Atacama (Chile), after 17 days of searching, the 33 miners trapped in the San José mine are found alive.
2015 Mexican writer Luz María Chapela dies. She is a prominent children’s author of “El maguey enamorado”, “Amapolita”, “Testimonios tabasqueños”, “Vivo en Tlaxcala” and “La casa del caracol”.